Arms of 1702

Conquest and Colonisation

***PAGE UNDER RECONSTRUCTION***anglo-normans now old english***crown of ireland act 1542***Leinster Pale*** Munster Desmond war 1583*** Connacht 'composition' 1585*** plantation is older word for colonisation*** Anglo-Normans failed to win dominion and retrenched as seen locally in Northburg but continuing English intelligence interest in north as shown in state papers recording comings and goings of French nobles in 15** Religious angle introduced which was to be decisive as protestantism did not take root among the people of Ireland (whether native or Anglo-Norman) as it had among the people of England and Scotland*** first colonisation attempt 15** failed but Derry cathedral wrecked ***shiring 15** completely notional*** second colonisation attempt at end of war*** 1600 AFM refs re derry colony*** state paper lists contending families in Inishowen but society in terminal stress***mentions of wealth make it a plutocracy?*** after conquest 1603 shire/barony/grand juries/etc extended into north west*** English law was extended across the whole of Ireland by royal proclamation in 1605 so that the sophisticated body of Irish customary law extending to such esoterica as trespass by bees and codified since the eight century was declared abolished as a barbarous custom so that all land was henceforth to be held by English common law tenures. Likewise with institutions of religion as dissolution of religious houses and dispossession of Catholic dioceses***bishop O Gallagher killed*** finally dispossession of secular lands after flight of O Neill and O Donnel to the continent in scheme of Ulster plantation 1609 with areas treated differently with servitors, English, Scots, etc***only limited street plan in Long Tower area survives of medieval Derry***

Sir Arthur Chichester an English official was granted the whole of Inishowen by the crown in 1610. According to a deed of 1610 [1] and a Chancery inquisition of 1621 [2] nine natives of Inishowen (five MacLochlainns and four O Dohertys) held parcels of land granted from him. The lands granted to the MacLochlainn grantees and their identification in the O Clery Book of Genealogies are as follows:

Ballynally to Hugh carron mcOwen (Aedh carragh son of Eoghan)
Mossyglen to Owen gorm (Eoghan gorm)
Tullynavin to John mcDwalto (Sean son of Dubhaltach)
Clare and Meenletterbale to Donnell mcBryan oge (Domhnall son of Brian oge)
Baskill to Owen mcShane cugh (Eoghan son of Sean caoch)

Ballynally was held by a lease for lives, Mossyglen was held in tail male and the rest were held freehold. When the lands held by the nine natives are plotted on a map it can be seen that those held by MacLochlainns all fall within the bounds of the erstwhile lordship of Bredach in western Inishowen while those held by O Dohertys fall elsewhere, which would appear to be further evidence for a late MacLochlainn lordship of Bréadach. By the time of the Civil Survey of 1654 only three natives continued to hold freeholds in Inishowen [3]. Londonderry borough corporation of plantation city*** maclochlainn was burgess until disabled by Penal laws*** not unusual in european context to impose such restrictions*** unusual that in this case they were imposed by a minority on the majority*** Northern Ireland and its troubles is the legacy of Plantation***

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  1. Swanzy Notebooks, RCB Library MS 31/3, 216.
  2. Inquisitionum in Officio Rotulorum Cancellariae Hiberniae Asservatarum Repertorium, volume 2, Donegal AD1621, 11-Jac I
  3. The Civil Survey AD 1654-1656, volume 3.